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Inductance of a pair of concentric cylinders

A coaxial cable has an inner core of radius 1.0 mm and an outer sheath of internal radius of 4.0 mm. Determine the inductance of the cable per meter length.

Problem Type:
Plane problem of AC magnetics.

Geometry:

Concentric Cylinders Inductance

Given:
Inner radius a = 1 mm;
Outer radius b = 4 mm;
Current I = 0.001 A;

Analytical solution:

The total inductance per meter at low frequency is given by L = μ/2π · (1/4 + ln(b/a)) H/m
L = 4π·10-7 · (1/4 + ln(4)) = 3.27259·10-7 H/m

QuickField simulation results:

QuickField calculates concentric cylinders inductance

Note: QuickField calculates the total current and the total flux. To get RMS we should divide the corresponding amplitude value by root 2:
L = Flux / I = 3.272·10-10/1.4142  /  0.001/1.4142 = 3.272·10-7 H/m
L = 2·W / I2 = 2·8.181·10-14  /  (0.001/1.4142)2 = 3.272·10-7 H/m

Mesh size

QuickField

Discrepancy with theory

L = Flux / I

L = 2·W / I2

251 (QuickField Student Edition)

3.23·10-7 H/m

3.22·10-7 H/m

1% / 9.55%

1301 (automatic refinement in Professional Edition)

3.267·10-7 H/m

3.239·10-7 H/m

0.17% / 1.03%

4003 (automatic refinement 2)

3.27·10-7 H/m

3.263·10-7 H/m

0.08% / 0.26%

8814 (automatic refinement 3)

3.271·10-7 H/m

3.268·10-7 H/m

0.05% / 0.14%

26474 (automatic refinement 5)

3.272·10-7 H/m

3.271·10-7 H/m

0.02% / 0.05%

78585 (automatic refinement 10)

3.272·10-7 H/m

3.272·10-7 H/m

0.02% / 0.02%

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References:

  • John Bird, "Electrical circuit theory and technology", p.520. ISBN-13: 978 0 7506 8139 1.