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Transient eddy currents in a twowire line
Transient eddy currents in a twowire line
This is an example of the twowire line simulation, performed with QuickField software.
Problem Type:
Plane problem of transient magnetics.
Geometry:
Transmission line consists of two copper conductors with equal but opposite currents. All dimensions are in millimeters.
Given:
Magnetic permeability of air μ = 1;
Magnetic permeability of copper μ = 1;
Conductivity of copper g = 56,000,000 S/m;
Voltage applied U = 0.001 V;
Problem:
Calculate the transient currents within the conductors.
Solution:
The resistance of one conductor can be calculated as R_{cond} = l / (g · S),
where
S = πr^{2}  crosssection area of conductor,
r  radius of conductor,
l  length of the line.
R_{cond} = 1 / (56·10^{6} · (π·0.0001^{2})) = 0.5684 Ohm
The resistance of both conductors is R = 2·R_{cond} = 2·0.5684 = 1.1368 Ohm
The inductance of the transmission line can be calculated as L = μ_{0}·l/π · (ln(D/r) + 0.25), where
D  distance between conductors.
L = 4π·10^{7}·1/π · (ln(0.02/0.0001) + 0.25) = 2.219·10^{6} Hn
The transient current for equivalent electric circuit with lumped parameter is
described by the formula
I(t) = U/R · (1  e^{t/T}), where T=L/R  characteristic time of the circuit.


Results:
View simulation report in PDF.
Download simulation files (files may be viewed using any QuickField Edition).