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Helmholtz coil

A Helmholtz coil is a device for producing a region of nearly uniform magnetic field. This construction is formed by the two identical circular coils, placed symmetrically along a common axis, and separated by the distance H equal to the coil radius R. Both coils carry the same electric current I. Area of the quasi uniform field is located inside the coils.

Problem type:
Axisymmetric problem of DC magnetics

Geometry:

Helmholtz coil

Given:
H = R = 1 m,
Current I = 1 A.
Each coil consists of 1 loop with electric current I placed. Media between the coils is air.

Problem:
Calculate the flux density distribution within the Helmholtz coil. Find the area of uniform field. Compare with analytical approximation.

Solution:
Model may be defined and solved as a DC Magnetic Analysis problem.

Results:

The field within Helmholtz coils at the axis may be estimated as*:
B(x) = 2B1(x) = 2 · μnIR2 / 2(R2 + x2)3/2

The field at the center between Helmholtz coils is:
B(x=R/2) = 2 · μnIR2 / 2(R2 + (R/2)2)3/2 = 0.83/2 · μnI/R.

For our model parameters (I=1 ampere, R=1 meter, n=1 loop) this gives B = 8.98e-7 T. QuickField results are close to this approximated value.

Plot of the flux density along the radius between the coils.

Flux density distribution around the Helmholtz coils.

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Download Download simulation files helmholtz_coil.zip.

Reference:

*http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Helmholtz_coil