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Single-wire earth return (SWER)

A single wire distribution network consists of a single insulated wire. Earth is used as a return conductor.

Task type
Plane problem of AC magnetic.

Model geometry:
Single-wire earth return transmission line

Given:
Power line current I = 10 A
Power frequency f = 50 Hz
Line length L = 10 km.
Electric conductivity of soil = 0.001 S/m
Electric conductivity of rock = 0.0001 S/m.

Task
Current flows through a single-wire power line. Determine the distribution of the reverse current density in the ground.

Result
The distribution of current density in the soil layer and in the rock and the total voltage drops.

Single-wire earth return current

Reference
Wikipedia: Single-wire earth return

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