Core permeability μ = 1000,
Core mass density ρ = 7650 kg/m3,
Core losses Cm = 1.5 W/kg (at f=50 Hz and B=1.5 T),
Copper conductivity g=56e6 S/m,
Primary winding Y: 6.25 mm2 x 2560 turns,
Secondary winding Δ: 16 mm2 x 150 turns,
Frequency f=50 Hz.
Task: Calculate magnetic and electric losses in the three phase transformer.
Solution: Winding (copper) losses volume density: pe = j2 / g [W/m3].
Steinmetz equation to calculate core (steel) losses volume density: pm = Cm · (f/50)α · (B/1.5)β · ρ [W/m3],
where α = 1, β = 2, B - average flux density in the core (peak value).
Results: Average flux density in the core (peak value):
B = √0.746 · √2 = 1.22 T.
Power losses in the core pm = 1.5 · (50/50)1 · (1.22/1.5)2 · 7650 = 7.59 kW/m3.
Winding (copper) losses volume density pe = (I/S)2 / g: