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Electric field stress in the transformer oil

The transformer is submerged in the oil. The windings are insulated by the oil-impregnated paper. We need to locate the places with high electric stress (in addition to the well-known areas between windings and between windings and core).

Problem Type: electrostatics.

Geometry: 3D extrusion.

Given:
Relative permittivity of oil εr = 2.2,
High voltage (phase) V = 6 kV (RMS).
Low voltage (phase) V = 0.4 kV (RMS).
Tank, core are grounded (zero electric potential).

Task:
Calculate the electric field stress distribution in the oil.

Solution:
We simulate the static problem (fixed moment of time), when phase A has maximum electric potential V*cos(0°), potentials of the phases B and C: V*cos(120°) and V*cos(240°) respectively. Electric potential is distributed linearly along the coil (maximum value is at the top, zero value is at the bottom of the winding).

Results:

Electric potential distribution along the windings:

Electric field stress in the oil (coils, core are hidden):

Download Download simulation files.