This is an example of the interdigital capacitor simulation, performed with QuickField software in both 2D and 3D formulations.
Trace thickness 40 μm. Board thickness 0.4 mm.
Relative permittivity of the FR4 dielectric ε = 4.7;
The voltages applied to capacitor plates are -0.5 and +0.5 V.
Determine the self-capacitance of the interdigital capacitor.
Interdigital capacitor is designed to be made by the microstrip lines on the PCB. Its capacitance is defined by the air gap between the electrodes. To correctly simulate the interdigital capacitor we need a full 3D analysis.
However, for brief evaluation of the capacitance we may use 2D approach. We can virtually straighten the capacitor and calculate the capacitance between two planar electrodes in 2D. As the length of the model, we take the length of the mid-line along the capacitor gap, which equals to L = 7250 micrometers.
Capacitor capacitance in both 2D and 3D formulations can be obtained from the energy of the electric field W and the potential difference U:
C = 2W / U²
Interdigital capacitor capacitance in 2D: C = 2 * 1.54e-13 / 1²= 0.31 pF.
Interdigital capacitor capacitance in 3D: C = 2 * 1.27e-13 / 1² = 0.25 pF.