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Biot-Savart law

# Biot-Savart law

Two long rectilinear wires, located at a distance of 100 mm from each other in the air, flow opposing currents of 10 A.

**Task type: **

Plane problem of DC magnetics.

**Geometry:**

All dimensions in millimeters

**Given:**

Currents in conductors *I1* = -10 A, *I2* = +10 A

Environment - air.

**Task:**

Find the value of magnetic flux density at the point *K*.

**Solution**

The problem can be solved analytically. The value of magnetic flux density according to the Biot-Savart-Laplace law for an infinitely long wire is defined as*:

*B* = (μ_{0}/4π) * 2*I/r* = 10^{-7} * 2*I/r*, where *r* - is the distance from the axis of the wire.

The flux density vector lies in a plane perpendicular to the current and is directed perpendicular to the radius vector to the point of interest.

At the point *K*, the flux density vector from the left wire is directed horizontally to the right, and the flux density vector from the right wire is directed to the left downward at an angle (90-63.4)° to the horizontal.

The resulting flux density can be found as a vector sum of the individual components.

**Result:**

Magnetic flux density at the point *K* according to the Bio - Savart law:

From left wire, **B1** = 10^{-7} * 2 * 10 / 0.05 = 40 μT, is directed to the right (*B1*_{x} = 40 μT, *B1*_{y} = 0).

From right wire, **B2** = 10^{-7} * 2 * 10 / 0.111 = 18 μT, is directed left down (*B2*_{x} = -8 μT, *B2*_{y} = -16 μT).

Total flux density, *B* _{x} = *B1*_{x} + *B2*_{x} = 32 μT, *B*_{y} = *B1*_{y} + *B2*_{y} = -16 μT.

The value of flux density at the point of interest calculated in QuickField and the picture of the vector field of magnetic flux density.

**Reference:**

* Jackson, John David Classical Electrodynamics. New York: Wiley. Chapter 5.

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