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Inductance of a pair of concentric cylinders

cable inductance calculation, two concentric cylinders inductance

A coaxial cable has an inner core of radius 1.0 mm and an outer sheath of internal radius of 4.0 mm. Determine the inductance of the cable per meter length.

Problem Type
Plane-parallel problem of AC magnetics.

Geometry
Concentric cylinders inductance A coaxial cable has an inner core of radius 1.0 mm and an outer sheath of internal radius of 4.0 mm. Determine the inductance of the cable per meter length. I- I+ a b L

Inner radius a = 1 mm, outer radius b = 4 mm.

Given
Current I = 0.001 A;

Analytical solution*:
The total inductance per meter at low frequency is given by L = μ/2π · (1/4 + ln(b/a)) H/m
L = 4π·10-7 / 2π · (1/4 + ln(4)) = 3.27259·10-7 H/m

QuickField simulation results:

QuickField calculates concentric cylinders inductance

Note: QuickField calculates the total current and the total flux. To get RMS we should divide the corresponding amplitude value by root 2:
L = Flux / I = 3.272·10-10/1.4142  /  0.001/1.4142 = 3.272·10-7 H/m
L = 2·W / I² = 2·8.181·10-14  /  (0.001/1.4142)² = 3.272·10-7 H/m

Mesh size QuickField Discrepancy with analytical solution*
L = Flux / I L = 2·W / I²
251 (QuickField Student Edition) 3.23·10-7 H/m 3.22·10-7 H/m

1% / 1.55%

1301 (automatic refinement in Professional Edition) 3.267·10-7 H/m 3.239·10-7 H/m

0.17% / 1.03%

4003 (automatic refinement 2) 3.27·10-7 H/m 3.263·10-7 H/m

0.08% / 0.26%

8814 (automatic refinement 3) 3.271·10-7 H/m 3.268·10-7 H/m

0.05% / 0.14%

26474 (automatic refinement 5) 3.272·10-7 H/m 3.271·10-7 H/m

0.02% / 0.05%

78585 (automatic refinement 10) 3.272·10-7 H/m 3.272·10-7 H/m

0.02% / 0.02%

*References: John Bird, "Electrical circuit theory and technology", p.520. ISBN-13: 978 0 7506 8139 1.

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