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Stress distribution in a long solenoid

solenoid stress distribution, magnetic forces in solenoid, mechanical stress in electric coil, multiphysics analysis

A very long, thick solenoid has a uniform distribution of circumferential current. The magnetic flux density and stress distribution in the solenoid has to be calculated.

Problem Type
Axisymmetric multiphysics problem of DC magnetics coupled to Stress analysis.

Geometry
Stress distribution in a long solenoid Calculate the magnetic flux density and stress distribution in a solenoid R1 R2 Winding Air

Given
Dimensions R1 = 1 cm, R2 = 2 cm;
Relative permeability of air and coil μ = 1;
Current density j = 105 A/m²;
Young's modulus E = 1.075·1011 N/m²;
Poisson's ratio ν = 0.33.

Task
Calculate the magnetic flux density and stress distribution in a solenoid.

Solution
Since none of physical quantities varies along z-axis, a thin slice of the solenoid could be modeled. The axial length of the model is arbitrarily chosen to be 0.2 cm. Radial component of the flux density is set equal to zero at the outward surface of the solenoid. Axial displacement is set equal to zero at the side edges of the model to reflect the infinite length of the solenoid.

Results

Magnetic flux density distribution
in a long solenoid:
Mechanical stress distribution
in a long solenoid:
solenoid simulation solenoid stress simulation

Magnetic flux density and circumferential stress at r = 1.3 cm:

  Bz (T) σq (N/m)
(Reference)* 8.796·10-3 97.407
QuickField 8.798·10-3 96.71

See the Coupl1MS.pbm and Coupl1SA.pbm problems for magnetic and structural analysis respectively.

* Reference: F.A. Moon, "Magneto-Solid Mechanics", John Wiley & Sons, N.Y., 1984, Chapter 4.

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