TOKAMAK solenoid mechanical stress
QuickField simulation example
The central solenoid of the ohmic heating system for a TOKAMAK fusion device.
Current density in coils j = 3·108 A/m²;
Magnetic permittivity of plastic, coils and liquid helium inside coils μ = 1.
Copper of coils:
Young's modulus E = 7.74·1010 N/m²;
Poisson's ratio ν = 0.335;
Maximum allowable stress: 2.2·108 N/m².
Young's modulus E = 2·1011 N/m²;
Poisson's ratio ν = 0.35;
Maximum allowable stress: 109 N/m².
The solenoid consists of 80 superconducting coils fixed in common plastic structure. Due to mirror symmetry one half of the structure is modeled.
The Coupl4MS.pbm is the problem of calculating the magnetic field generated by the solenoid, and Coupl4SA.pbm analyzes stresses and deformations in coils and plastic structure due to Lorentz forces acting on the coils.
Magnetic flux density distribution in TOKAMAK solenoid:
Mechanical stress distribution in TOKAMAK solenoid: