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Main >> Applications >> Sample problems >> PCB potential distribution and temperature

The voltage is applied to the sides of conducting sheet placed vertically and surrounded by the still air. The flowing current heats the sheet due to resistive losses. The front and back surfaces of the sheet are cooled by the air (natural convection).

**Problem Type:**

Plane-parallel multiphysics problem of DC Conduction coupled to Steady-state heat transfer.

**Geometry:**

**Given:**

Sheet thickness *d* = 0.035 mm;

Material resistance *ρ* = 2·10^{-8} Ohm/m;

Current *I* = 10 A;

Material heat conductivity λ = 380 W/K-m;

Convection coefficient α = 10 W/K-m²;

**Task:**

Calculate the temperature and potential distribution in a conducting sheet.

**Solution:**

The resistive losses are calculated in the DC conduction problem. Then these losses are transferred to the linked heat transfer problem.

The *pcb_current.pbm* is the problem of calculating the current distribution, and *pcb_heat.pbm* analyzes temperature field.

The sheet is cooled by convection from the front and back surface (total)

The convection from other surfaces is ignored. The convection is modelled by the volume heat sink *Q*(*T*) = -*k*·*T*, where coefficient *k* = 2α/*d*.

**Results:**

Potential distribution and current paths in the pcb

Temperature distribution in the pcb (overheating)